Norwegian nouns: Gender and Plural
Nouns in Norwegian (Bokmål) have two genders, masculine and neuter, which adjectives must agree with when modifying nouns. Technically there is a third gender, feminine (which Nynorsk retains), but since feminine nouns can be written as masculine nouns, I’m including feminine nouns in the masculine category. There are two indefinite articles that correspond with these genders: en for masculine nouns and et for neuter nouns. In the vocabulary lists, a noun followed by (n) means that it is a neuter noun and it takes the indefinite article et. The majority of nouns in Norwegian are masculine, so they take the indefinite article en.
The only case of nouns that is used in Norwegian is the genitive (showing possession), and it is easily formed by adding an -s to the noun. This is comparable to adding -‘s in English to show possession. However, if the noun already ends in -s, then you add nothing (unlike English where we add -‘ or -‘s).
Olavs hus = Olav’s house
Plural Nouns in Norwegian
Masculine nouns generally add -er or -r to the indefinite singular noun to form the indefinite plural, and -ene or -ne to form the definite plural. The names of jobs ending in -er only add -e and -ne in these cases. Neuter nouns that are more than one syllable form plural nouns the same way as masculine nouns. Neuter nouns that are only one syllable, however, add nothing to form the indefinite plural and either -ene or -a to form the definite plural.
|en fisk||fisker||some fish||fiskene||the fishes|
|en hage||hager||some gardens||hagene||the gardens|
|en baker||bakere||some bakers||bakerne||the bakers|
|vinduer||some windows||vinduene||the windows|
|et hus||hus||some houses||husene||the houses|
|et barn||barn||some children||barna||the children|
Irregular plural nouns in Norwegian
Irregular Indefinite Plural
Singular = Indefinite Plural
|bonde||bønder||peasant(s)||eventyr (n)||tale(s), story(ies)|
|håndkle||håndklær||hand towel(s)||høve (n)||opportunity(ies)|
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