Danish Verbs: Present, Past, Commands

Conjugating regular verbs in the present and past tenses in Danish

Learn Danish verbs


The majority of verbs in Danish end in -e in the infinitive and they are only conjugated according to tense, not subject (i.e. the verb does not change, unlike in English where verbs add -s or -es for he/she/it forms in the present.)

Present Tense
Past Tense
jeg taler I speak jeg talte I spoke
du taler you speak du talte you spoke
han taler he speaks han talte he spoke
hun taler she speaks hun talte she spoke
vi taler we speak vi talte we spoke
i taler you speak i talte you spoke
de taler they speak de talte they spoke

Please note the three present tenses in English (simple, progressive and emphatic) are all translated by one verb form in Danish. Jag taler can mean I speak, I am speaking or I do speak.

More Danish verbs

arbejde to work
spørge to ask
åbne to open
tale to speak
ringe to ring
lukke to close
følge to follow
bygge to build
tænke to think
ryge to smoke
læse to read
købe to buy
tro to believe
bo to live, dwell

Reflexive Verbs

Some verbs in Danish are reflexive verbs, in that the action by the subject is performed by itself. This is comparable to the -self or -selves pronouns used in English with some verbs, such as he behaves himself. Most of the time, verbs that are reflexive in Danish are not reflexive in English. To conjugate these verbs, simply add these pronouns after the verb:

mig myself os ourselves
dig yourself dem yourselves
sig himself/herself/itself sig theirselves

Commands

The stem of a verb (the infinitive minus the final -e) is often the imperative or command form:

Imperative Translation
åben! open!
vent! wait!
skriv! write!
læs! read!



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Dr. Jennifer Wagner

PhD in Applied Linguistics, ESL/French teacher, author of two French books, and helping others to learn languages online at ielanguages.com.