Danish Nouns

Danish nouns: Gender and Plural

Danish nouns have two genders, common and neuter, which adjectives must agree with when modifying nouns. These genders are signified by the indefinite articles en and et (meaning a or an) place before the noun. In the vocabulary lists, a noun followed by (n) means that it is a neuter noun and it takes the indefinite article et. The majority of nouns in Danish are common gender, so they take the indefinite article en.

The only case of nouns that is used in Danish is the genitive (showing possession), and it is easily formed by adding an -s to the noun. This is comparable to adding -‘s in English to show possession. However, if the noun already ends in -s, then you add nothing (unlike English where we add -‘ or -‘s). Anders bok = Anders’s book

Plural of indefinite Danish nouns

en nat – nætter a night/nights en bonde – bønder a farmer/farmers
en hånd – hænder a hand/hands en ko – køer a cow/cows
en tand – tænder a tooth/teeth en fod – fødder a foot/feet
en and – ænder a duck/ducks en rod – rødder a root/roots
en gås – gæs a goose/geese en bog – bøger a book/books
en tå – tæer a toe/toes en mand – mænd a man/men

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Dr. Jennifer Wagner

PhD in Applied Linguistics, ESL/French teacher, author of two French books, and helping others to learn languages online at ielanguages.com.