The Verbs Be and Have in Norwegian

Conjugations of the verbs be and have in Norwegian

How to say am, are, is, was, were, have, has, and had in Norwegian

The present and past tenses of verbs in Norwegian are very simple to conjugate. All the forms are the same for each personal pronoun. The infinitive of the verb to be in Norwegian is være,
and the conjugated present tense form is er and the past tense is var. The infinitive of the verb to have is ha, and the conjugated present tense form is har and the past tense is hadde.

være – to be
I am jeg er I was jeg var
you are du er you were du var
he is han er he was han var
she is hun er she was hun var
it is den er it was den var
it is det er it was det var
one is man er one was man var
we are vi er we were vi var
you are dere er you were dere var
they are de er they were de var


ha – to have
I have jeg har I had jeg hadde
you have du har you had du hadde
he has han har he had han hadde
she has hun har she had hun hadde
it has den har it had den hadde
it has det har it had det hadde
one has man har one had man hadde
we have vi har we had vi hadde
you have dere har you had dere hadde
they have de har they had de hadde

To form the future tense of verbs, just add skal (am/is/are going to) or vil (will) before the infinitive. Jeg skal være = I’m going to be; hun skal ha = she will have; etc. (In simple sentences, either skal or vil are fine to express future actions, but in longer and more complex sentences, it is better to use vil.)

You may also be interested in:

Dr. Jennifer Wagner

PhD in Applied Linguistics, ESL/French teacher, author of two French books, and helping others to learn languages online at