The Verbs Be and Have in Danish

Conjugations of the Danish verbs be (at være) and have (at have)

How to say am, are, is, was, were, have, has, and had in Danish

The verbs be and have in Danish are very simple to conjugate, as are all verbs in Danish. All the forms are the same for each personal pronoun. The infinitive of the verb to be is at være, and the conjugated present tense form is er and the past tense is var. The infinitive of the verb to have is at have, and the conjugated present tense form is har and the past tense is havde.

at være – to be
I am jeg er I was jeg var
you are du er  you were du var
he is han er he was han var
she is hun er she was hun var
it is den er it was den var
it is det er it was det var
one is man er  one was man var
we are vi er we were vi var
you are De er you were De var
they are de er they were de var
at have – to have
I have jeg har I had jeg havde
you have du har you had du havde
he has han har he had han havde
she has hun har she had hun havde
it has den har it had den havde
it has det har it had det havde
one has man har one had man havde
we have vi har we had vi havde
you have De har you had De havde
they have de har they had de havde

To form the future tense of verbs, just add vil before the infinitive. Jeg vil være= I will be; hun vil have = she will have; etc. However, the present tense can often be used with adverbs of time to indicate the future. The word skal can also be used in place of vil, but this implies a promise rather than a general future condition.

To make a sentence negative, simply add ikke after the verb. If there is a modal verb and a main verb (such as vil and an infinitive), ikke goes between these two verbs. In addition, if you answer “yes” to a negative question, you must use jo instead of ja.

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Dr. Jennifer Wagner

PhD in Applied Linguistics, ESL/French teacher, author of two French books, and helping others to learn languages online at