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To conjugate regular verbs, take off the last three letters (-are, -ere, or -ire) and add these endings to the stem:
|-are||-ere||1st -ire||2nd -ire|
|parlare||to speak||dormire||to sleep|
|cantare||to sing||partire||to leave|
|arrivare||to arrive||sentire||to hear|
|abitare||to live||aprire||to open|
|amare||to love||offrire||to offer|
|ascoltare||to listen (to)||servire||to serve|
|giocare||to play (a game/sport)|
|guardare||to look (at)/watch|
|scrivere||to write||finire||to finish|
|vedere||to see||capire||to understand|
|credere||to believe||preferire||to prefer|
|conoscere||to know/be acquainted with||colpire||to hit|
|leggere||to read||costruire||to build|
|mettere||to put||pulire||to clean|
|perdere||to lose||sparire||to disappear|
|scendere||to go down/get off|
→ The present tense and the preposition da may be used to describe an action which began in the past and is still continuing in the present. The present perfect tense is used in English to convey this same concept.
Da quanto tempo Lei studia l'italiano? How
long have you been studying Italian?
Studio l'italiano da due anni. I've been studying Italian for two years.
→ Proprio can be used to emphasize something and it translates as really or just.
Ho proprio sonno. I'm really sleepy.
Arrivo dalla banca proprio adesso. I just now got back from the bank.
Verbs ending in -care and -gare add an h before the -i and -iamo endings to keep the hard sound. Verbs ending in -ciare and -giare do not repeat the i in front of the -i ending. Notice that these verbs are only slightly irregular in spelling, while the pronunciation still follows the normal conjugation pattern.
|cercare - to look for||cominciare - to start|
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