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Indonesian does not have the verb 'to be'. But sometimes, it's similar to the Indonesian word adalah. Only for some situations:
Saya adalah pelajar. - I am a student.
Ini adalah buku saya. - This is my book.
Itu adalah kesalahan besar. - That is a big mistake.
However, in informal situations (mostly in spoken Indonesian), we can omit the word adalah.
In formal/written language, this word is just sometimes omitted.
And remember that adalah CAN'T be used as 'to be' when:
-passive sentence, e.g. I am called.
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