Germanic Languages Comparative Vocabulary: Pronouns

Learn the personal pronouns in German, Dutch, Afrikaans, Swedish, and Danish


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English German Dutch Afrikaans Swedish Danish
I ich ik ('k) ek jag jeg
you (sing, inf) du jij (je) jy du du
you (sing, for) Sie u u ni De
he er hij (ie) hy han han
she sie zij (ze) sy hon hun
it (masc / common) er hij (ie) dit den den
it (fem / common) sie zij (ze) dit den den
it (neuter) es het ('t) dit det det
one man men mens man man
we wir wij (we) ons vi vi
you (plur, inf) ihr jullie julle ni I
you (plur, for) Sie u u Ni De
they sie zij (ze) hulle de (dom) de
me mich mij (me) my mig (mej) mig
you (sing, inf) dich jou (je) jou dig (dej) dig
you (sing, for) Sie u u er Dem
him ihn hem ('m) hom honom ham
her Sie haar (d'r/'r) haar henne hende
it es het ('t) dit den / det den / det
us uns ons ons oss os
you (plur, inf) euch jullie (je) julle er jer
you (plur, for) Sie u u Er Dem
them sie hen (ze) hulle dem (dom) dem
me mir mij (me) my mig (mej)  
you (sing, inf) dir jou (je) jou dig (dej)  
you (sing, for) Ihnen u u er  
him ihm hem ('m) hom honom  
her ihr haar (d'r/'r) haar henne  
it ihm het ('t) dit den / det  
us uns ons ons oss  
you (plur, inf) euch jullie (je) julle er  
you (plur, for) Ihnen u u er  
them ihnen hun (ze) hulle dem (dom)  
myself mich / mir mij (me) my mig  
yourself (sing, inf) dich / dir jou (je) jou dig  
yourself (sing, for) sich u / zich u sig  
himself / itself sich zich hom sig  
herself / itself sich zich haar sig  
ourselves uns ons ons oss  
yourselves (plur, inf) euch jullie (je) julle er  
yourselves (plur, for) sich u / zich u er  
themselves sich zich hulle sig  


The words in parentheses are the informal forms common in everyday speech and informal writing, and are spelled somewhat phonetically. In Dutch and Swedish, masculine and feminine nouns have combined into one form: common. Den is the common object pronoun in Swedish, while det is the neuter object pronoun. As for German reflexive pronouns, mich and dich are the accusative forms and mir and dir are the dative forms.

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