American English Vocabulary with Pronunciation (and French Translations): Part 1

You can download these vocabulary lists (in PDF or DOC format) and all of the mp3s from the ESL Lesson Plans page.


Conversation Questions & Responses

Nice to meet you! Enchanté.
Nice to meet you too. Enchanté.

How are you? Comment allez-vous ?
I'm fine. How are you? Je vais bien. Et vous ?

What's your name? Comment vous appelez-vous ?
My name is Laura. Je m'appelle Laura.

How old are you? Quel âge avez-vous ?
I'm 16 years old. J'ai 16 ans.

Where are you from? D'où venez-vous ?
I'm from France. Je viens de France.

Where do you live? Où habitez-vous ?
I live in Annecy. J'habite à Annecy.

What do you do? Que faites-vous (dans la vie) ?
I'm a student. Je suis étudiante.

Do you have any brothers or sisters? Avez-vous des frères ou sœurs ?
I have one brother and one sister. J'ai un frère et une sœur.
I'm an only child. Je suis fils / fille unique.

Do you have any pets? Avez-vous des animaux ?
I have a cat / dog / fish / hamster. J'ai un chat / chien / poisson / hamster.

Do you play any sports? Pratiquez-vous des sports?
I play football / tennis / basketball. Je joue au foot / tennis / basket.

Do you speak English? Parlez-vous anglais ?
Yes, I speak English. Oui, je parle anglais.

Do you understand? Comprenez-vous ?
I don't understand. Je comprends.

I don't know. Je ne sais pas.
I don't care. Je m'en fiche.
It doesn't matter. Ça ne fait rien.
I don't mind. Ça ne me drange pas.

How do you say __ in English? Comment dit-on __ en anglais ?
Can you help me? Pouvez-vous m'aider ?
What's the matter? Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?

I have to go. Il faut que j'y aille.
See you soon. A bientôt.
See you tomorrow. A demain.
Goodbye. Au revoir.
See you later. A plus tard.
Hi / Bye. Salut.


Alphabet


A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T -U - V - W - X - Y - Z


Numbers

One

1

First

1st

premier, première

Two

2

Second

2nd

deuxième

Three

3

Third

3rd

troisième

Four

4

Fourth

4th

quatrième

Five

5

Fifth

5th

cinquième

Six

6

Sixth

6th

sixième

Seven

7

Seventh

7th

septième

Eight

8

Eighth

8th

huitième

Nine

9

Ninth

9th

neuvième

Ten

10

Tenth

10th

dixième

Eleven

11

Eleventh

11th

onzième

Twelve

12

Twelfth

12th

douzième

Thirteen

13

Thirteenth

13th

treizième

Fourteen

14

Fourteenth

14th

quatorzième

Fifteen

15

Fifteenth

15th

quinzième

Sixteen

16

Sixteenth

16th

seizième

Seventeen

17

Seventeenth

17th

dix-septime

Eighteen

18

Eighteenth

18th

dix-huitième

Nineteen

19

Nineteenth

19th

dix-neuvième

Twenty

20

Twentieth

20th

vingtième

Twenty-one

21

Twenty-first

21st

vingt-et-unième

Thirty

30

Thirtieth

30th

trentième

Forty

40

Fortieth

40th

quarantième

Fifty

50

Fiftieth

50th

cinquantième

Sixty

60

Sixtieth

60th

soixantième

Seventy

70

Seventieth

70th

soixante-dixième

Eighty

80

Eightieth

80th

quatre-vingtième

Ninety

90

Ninetieth

90th

quatre-vingt-dixième

One hundred

100

Hundredth

100th

centième

One thousand

1,000

Thousandth

1,000th

millième

One million

1,000,000

Millionth

1,000,000th

millionième


Days, Months, Seasons (Les jours, les mois, les saisons)

Monday

lundi

January

janvier

Tuesday

mardi

February

février

Wednesday

mercredi

March

mars

Thursday

jeudi

April

avril

Friday

vendredi

May

mai

Saturday

samedi

June

juin

Sunday

dimanche

July

juillet

day

le jour

August

août

night

la nuit

September

septembre

yesterday

hier

October

octobre

today

aujourd'hui

November

novembre

tomorrow

demain

December

décembre

week

la semaine

spring

le printemps

month

le mois

summer

l'été

year

l'an

fall

l'automne

last

dernier, dernière

winter

l'hiver

this

ce, cet, cette

on (days)

le

next

prochain, prochaine

in (months/seasons)

en


Time (L'heure)

What time is it?

Quelle heure est-il?

It's noon.

Il est midi.

It's 1 o'clock.

Il est une heure.

It's midnight.

Il est minuit.

It's 2 o'clock

Il est deux heures.

It's 9 AM.

Il est 9 h du matin.

It's half past 3.

Il est 3h30.

It's 10 PM.

Il est 10 h du soir.

It's ten to 4.

Il est 3h50.

It's 5 o'clock sharp.

Il est 5 h pile.

It's a quarter past 5.

Il est 5h15.

in the morning

du matin

It's a quarter to 6.

Il est 5h45.

in the afternoon

de l'après-midi

It's 7:12.

Il est 7h12.

in the evening

du soir


Weather (Le temps)

What's the weather like?

Quel temps fait-il ?

sun

le soleil

It's beautiful.

Il fait beau.

sky

le ciel

It's bad.

Il fait mauvais.

air

l'air

It's warm.

Il fait chaud.

wind

le vent

It's cold.

Il fait froid.

storm

l'orage

It's raining.

Il pleut.

cloud

le nuage

It's snowing.

Il neige.

lightning

l'éclair

It's freezing.

Il gèle.

thunder

le tonnerre

It's hailing.

Il grêle.

tornado

le tornade

It's foggy.

Il fait du brouillard.

hurricane

l'ouragan

It's cloudy.

Il fait nuageux.

fog

le brouillard

It's sunny.

Il fait soleil.

rain

la pluie

It's windy.

Il y a du vent.

snow

la neige

It's __ degrees.

Il fait __ degrés.

ice

la glace


Colors & Shapes (Les couleurs & les formes)

red

rouge

light

clair

yellow

jaune

dark

fonc

orange

orange

box

la boîte

green

vert

square

le carré

blue

bleu

circle

le cercle

purple

violet

sphere

la sphère

pink

rose

triangle

le triangle

white

blanc

pyramid

la pyramide

black

noir

rectangle

le rectangle

brown

brun

cube

le cube

gray

gris

cone

le cône

silver

argenté

hexagon

l'hexagone

gold

doré

octagon

l'octagon

 


Subject & Object Pronouns (Les sujets & les objets directs / indirects)

I

je

me

me, moi

you

tu, vous

you

te, toi, vous

he

il

him

le, lui

she

elle

her

la, lui, elle

it

il, elle

it

le, lui, la, elle

we

nous

us

nous

they

ils, elles

them

les, leur, eux, elles


Be & Have (Present Tense)

I am

I'm

je suis

I have

I've

j'ai

you are

you're

tu es, vous êtes

you have

you've

tu as, vous avez

he is

he's

il est

he has

he's

il a

she is

she's

elle est

she has

she's

elle a

it is

it's

il/elle est

it has

it's

il/elle a

we are

we're

nous sommes

we have

we've

nous avons

they are

they're

ils/elles sont

they have

they've

vous avez


Auxiliary Verbs

can

peux

must

dois

cannot

ne peux pas

must not

ne dois pas

could

pourrais

have to / has to

dois / doit

could not

ne pourrais pas

do / does not have to

n'ai / n'as pas besoin de

will be able to

pourrai

had to

ai d

will not be able to

ne pourrai pas

did not have to

n'ai pas de

will

[le futur]

will have to

devrai

will not

[futur négatif]

will not have to

ne devrai pas

would

[le conditionnel]

may

il se peut que

would not

[conditionnel nég.]

may not

il ne se peut pas que

should

devrais

might

il se pourrait que

should not

ne devrais pas

might not

il ne se pourrait pas que


Contractions with Not

is not

isn't

do not

don't

are not

aren't

does not

doesn't

was not

wasn't

did not

didn't

were not

weren't

cannot

can't

have not

haven't

could not

couldn't

has not

hasn't

will not

won't

had not

hadn't

would not

wouldn't

must not

mustn't

should not

shouldn't


Contractions with Will (Future) & Would (Conditional) & Had (Preterit of Have)

I will

I'll

I would / I had

I'd

you will

you'll

you would / you had

you'd

he will

he'll

he would / he had

he'd

she will

she'll

she would / she had

she'd

it will

it'll

it would / it had

it'd

we will

we'll

we would / we had

we'd

they will

they'll

they would / they had

they'd


Interrogatives

what

quoi, qu'est-ce que

what time

quelle heure

who

qui

what kind of

quel genre de

whose

qui

how much

combien + indénom.

where

how many

combien + dénom.

when

quand

how long

combien de temps

why

pourquoi

how often

quelle fréquence

which

quel

how far

quelle distance

how

combien

how old

quel âge


Possessive Adjectives & Pronouns (Les adjectifs & pronoms possessifs)

my

mon, ma, mes

mine

le mien

your

ton, ta, tes, votre, vos

yours

le tien, le vôtre

his

son, sa, ses (masc.)

his

le sien

her

son, sa, ses (fem.)

hers

le sien

its

son, sa, ses (chose)

its

le sien

our

notre, nos

ours

le nôtre

their

leur, leurs

theirs

le leur


Family (La famille)

mother

la mère

wife

la femme

father

le père

husband

le mari

sister

la sœur

child

l'enfant

brother

le frère

children

les enfants

daughter

la fille

grandchildren

les petits-enfants

son

le fils

woman

la femme

aunt

la tante

man

l'homme

uncle

l'oncle

girl

la fille

cousin

le cousin / la cousine

boy

le garçon

niece

la nièce

parents

les parents

nephew

le neveu

relatives

des parents

grandmother

la grand-mère

godmother

la marraine

grandfather

le grand-père

godfather

le parrain

granddaughter

la petite-fille

goddaughter

la filleule

grandson

le petit-fils

godson

le filleul

mother-in-law

la belle-mère

single

célibataire

stepfather

le beau-père

engaged

fiancé

half-sister

la demie-sœur

married

marié

adopted

adoptif

re-married

remarié

twins

les jumeaux

separated

séparé

only child

fils / fille unique

divorced

divorcé

big family

famille nombreuse

widowed

veuf / veuve


Prepositions of Place & Adverbs of Movement

above

au-dessus

in front of

devant

below

au-dessous, sous

behind

derrière

over

au-dessus

next to

à côté de

under

au-dessous, sous

between

entre

on

sur (allumé)

across from

en face de

off

de (éteint)

near

près de

in

dans, dedans, en

far from

loin de

out

hors, dehors

at

à, chez

up

en haut

to

à

down

en bas

for

pour

left

à gauche

before

avant

right

à droite

after

après

with

avec

among

parmi

without

sans

through

à travers

by

par

across

à travers

about

à propos de

towards

vers


Articles & Quantifiers

a

un, une

this

ce, cet, cette (-ci)

an

un, une

that

ce, cet, cette (-là)

the

le, la, les

these

ces (-ci)

some

des, du, de la, etc.

those

ces (-là)

any

de, d'

little

peu de

much

beaucoup de

few

peu de

many

beaucoup de

too

trop

a lot of

beaucoup de

so

tellement, tant

every

tout

enough

assez

each

chaque, chacun

other

autre


Adjectives & Opposites (Les adjectifs & les contraires)

big

grand

pretty

joli

little

petit

ugly

laid

large

grand

smart

intelligent

small

petit

dumb

stupide

tall

grand

early

tôt

short

petit

late

tard

fat

gros

open

ouvert

skinny

mince

closed

ferm

wide

large

same

même

narrow

étroit

different

différent

long

long

hot

chaud

short

court

cold

froid

nice

gentil

dirty

sale

mean

méchant

clean

propre

young

jeune

quiet

calme

old

vieux

loud

bruyant

happy

heureux

slow

lent

sad

triste

fast

vite

more

plus

empty

vide

less

moins

full

plein


 Link Words

and

et

although

bien que

or

ou

whereas

alors que

but

mais

while

pendant que

because

parce que, car

however

cependant, pourtant

if

si

as long as

tant que

therefore

donc

as soon as

dès que

that

que

who

qui


Indefinites

somebody

quelqu'un

nobody

personne

someone

quelqu'un

no one

personne

something

quelque chose

nothing

rien

somewhere

quelque part

nowhere

nulle part

anybody

n'importe qui

everybody

tout le monde

anyone

n'importe qui

everyone

tout le monde

anything

n'importe quoi

everything

tout

anywhere

n'importe où

everywhere

partout

anytime

n'importe quand

whatever

quoi que...

wherever

où que...

whoever

qui que...


 Regular Verbs - Present & Preterit/Past Participle

Infinitive

Present Tense

Preterit/Past Participle

Translation

ask

ask, asks

asked

demander

call

call, calls

called

appeler

change

change, changes

changed

changer

decide

decide, decides

decided

décider

end

end, ends

ended

terminer

help

help, helps

helped

aider

land

land, lands

landed

atterrir

like

like, likes

liked

aimer bien

love

love, loves

loved

aimer

look

look, looks

looked

regarder

move

move, moves

moved

déménager

need

need, needs

needed

avoir besoin de

play

play, plays

played

jouer

show

show, shows

showed

montrer

study

study, studies

studied

étudier

talk

talk, talks

talked

parler

turn

turn, turns

turned

tourner

walk

walk, walks

walked

marcher

want

want, wants

wanted

vouloir


Irregular Verbs - Present, Preterit & Past Participle

Infinitive

Present Tense

Preterit

Past Participle

Translation

be

is, am, are

was, were

been

être

begin

begin, begins

began

begun

commencer

break

break, breaks

broke

broken

casser

bring

bring, brings

brought

brought

apporter

buy

buy, buys

bought

bought

acheter

catch

catch, catches

caught

caught

attraper

choose

choose, chooses

chose

chosen

choisir

come

come, comes

came

come

venir

cost

cost, costs

cost

cost

coûter

cut

cut, cuts

cut

cut

couper

do

do, does

did

done

faire

drink

drink, drinks

drank

drunk

boire

drive

drive, drives

drove

driven

conduire

eat

eat, eats

ate

eaten

manger

fall

fall, falls

fell

fallen

tomber

feel

feel, feels

felt

felt

se sentir

fight

fight, fights

fought

fought

se battre

find

find, finds

found

found

trouver

fly

fly, flies

flew

flown

voler (avion)

forget

forget, forgets

forgot

forgotten

oublier

freeze

freeze, freezes

froze

frozen

geler

get

get, gets

got

got / gotten

avoir, devenir

give

give, gives

gave

given

donner

go

go, goes

went

gone

aller

have

have, has

had

had

avoir

hear

hear, hears

heard

heard

entendre

hide

hide, hides

hid

hidden

se cacher

hit

hit, hits

hit

hit

frapper

hurt

hurt, hurts

hurt

hurt

se blesser

keep

keep, keeps

kept

kept

garder

know

know, knows

knew

known

savoir

leave

leave, leaves

left

left

partir

lend

lend, lends

lent

lent

prêter

let

let, lets

let

let

laisser

lose

lose, loses

lost

lost

perdre

make

make, makes

made

made

faire, fabriquer

meet

meet, meets

met

met

rencontrer

pay

pay, pays

paid

paid

payer

put

put, puts

put

put

mettre

quit

quit, quits

quit

quit

abandonner

read

read, reads

read

read

lire

ride

ride, rides

rode

ridden

aller (vélo)

say

say, says

said

said

dire

see

see, sees

saw

seen

voir

sell

sell, sells

sold

sold

vendre

send

send, sends

sent

sent

envoyer

shake

shake, shakes

shook

shaken

secouer

shut

shut, shuts

shut

shut

fermer

sing

sing, sings

sang

sung

chanter

sit

sit, sits

sat

sat

s'asseoir

sleep

sleep, sleeps

slept

slept

dormir

speak

speak, speaks

spoke

spoken

parler

spend

spend, spends

spent

spent

dépenser

spread

spread, spreads

spread

spread

se répandre

steal

steal, steals

stole

stolen

voler, piquer

stick

stick, sticks

stuck

stuck

planter, enfoncer

swim

swim, swims

swam

swum

nager

take

take, takes

took

taken

prendre

teach

teach, teaches

taught

taught

enseigner

tell

tell, tells

told

told

dire

think

think, thinks

thought

thought

penser

throw

throw, throws

threw

thrown

lancer

wake

wake, wakes

woke

woken

réveiller

wear

wear, wears

wore

worn

porter

win

win, wins

won

won

gagner

write

write, writes

wrote

written

écrire


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