Dutch Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense

Learn spelling changes for common verbs in Dutch

The Netherlands  Belgium  Suriname

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Dutch Irregular Verbs in the Present Tense  

 

When you add the present tense endings, you must observe the regular spelling rules in Dutch. Words with long vowels (aa, ee, oo, and uu) drop the one vowel when another syllable is added. Words with the short vowels (a, e, i, o and u) double the following consonant to keep the vowels short. The letters f and s occur at the end of words or before consonants, while the letters v and z occur in the middle of words before vowels. Notice how the infinitive is still identical to the plural conjugations for wij, jullie, and zij, and the stem is identical to the ik form.

Infinitive
stem & ik form
jij, hij, etc.
wij, jullie, etc.
betalen
blijven
hopen
raden
geloven
schrijven
kiezen
haten
leven
lezen
praten
rijden
wassen
gaan
staan
slaan
to pay
to stay
to hope
to guess
to believe
to write
to choose
to hate
to live
to read
to talk
to ride
to wash
to go
to stand
to hit
betaal
blijf
hoop
raad
geloof
schrijf
kies
haat
leef
lees
praat
rijd
was
ga
sta
sla
betaalt
blijft
hoopt
raadt
gelooft
schrijft
kiest
haat
leeft
leest
praat
rijdt
wast
gaat
staat
slaat
betalen
blijven
hopen
raden
geloven
schrijven
kiezen
haten
leven
lezen
praten
rijden
wassen
gaan
staan
slaan

One verb that does not follow the spelling rule is komen. The singular forms are all written and pronounced with the short o, while the plural forms are written and pronounced with the long o: kom, komt and komen. (According to the spelling rules, the singular forms should be the long o, but they are not.)

There are five verbs whose ending is only -n: gaan (to go), staan (to stand), slaan (to hit), doen (to do) and zien (to see); the first three change according to the spelling rules.

If a stem ends in -t, you do not add another -t for the second and third person singular forms. zitten - to sit; hij zit - he sits

Verb stems that end in -oud and -ijd drop the -d in the first person singular and in question forms of the second person singular form. The -d can be written, but it is not pronounced. rijden - to ride; ik rij(d) - I ride; rij(d) jij? - do you ride?


 

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