Dutch Conjunctions

Learn coordinating and subordinating conjunctions in Dutch

The Netherlands  Belgium  Suriname

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Dutch Coordinating and Subordinating Conjunctions

 

Coordinating conjunctions join two sentences together. Word order is not affected by coordinating conjunctions. Examples are en (and), dus (so, thus), maar (but), of (or) and want (for, because).

Subordinating conjunctions are used to connect an independent and dependent clause together, and they do affect word order.  An independent (or main) clause contains a subject and verb and can stand alone as its own sentence.  A dependent (or subordinate) clause also contains a subject and verb, but is introduced with a subordinating conjunction and cannot stand alone as its own sentence.

Mijn zoon was ziek, toen hij klein was. My son was sick when he was little.
Ik weet dat jij mij leuk vindt. I know that you like me.

When a subordinating conjunction introduces a clause, the next clause must begin with a verb.

Hoewel hij jong is, is hij erg rijk. Although he is young, he is very rich.
Zodra ik klaar ben, kom ik even langs. As soon as I'm ready, I'll come over.

Subordinating Conjunctions

if/when
as if
except that
that
although
to the extent that
now
whether
because
after
since
als
alsof
behalve dat
dat
hoewel
inzover(re) dat
nu(dat)
of
omdat
na(dat)
sinds
unless
while
when (in past)
until
when
before
just
so that
as long as
without
as far as
tenzij
terwijl
toen
tot(dat)
wanneer
voor(dat)
zoals
zodat
zolang
zonder dat
zover

 

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