Dutch Comparative and Superlative Forms of Adjectives

Learn how to form the comparative and superlative in Dutch

The Netherlands  Belgium  Suriname

Need more Dutch? Try the Learn Dutch Online course at Udemy or the audio and video podcasts at DutchPod101.com


Learn Dutch phrases, vocabulary, and grammar online for free with audio recordings by native speakers - ielanguages.com Buy Dutch Language Tutorial as a PDF e-book! Dutch Language Tutorial includes a vocabulary and grammar review of the Dutch language (more than what is available online), with one hour of mp3 recordings by a native speaker, and Dutch realia photos taken in the Netherlands and Belgium so you can see how the language is used in real life. The PDF e-book and mp3s are available for immediate download with FREE lifetime updates. Thank you for supporting ielanguages.com! Download the first ten pages of Dutch Language Tutorial (including the table of contents).

Buy Dutch Language Tutorial


To download the Dutch mp3s, please purchase Dutch Language Tutorial.

Dutch Comparative and Superlative Forms

 

Comparisons of equality use the expression even + adjective + als and it translates to "as + adjective + as."  In addition, you can use net zo + adjective + als to mean "as + adjective + as," but it is more emphatic.

dit hotel is even duur als de andere - this hotel is as expensive as the others

But note: zo veel mogelijk - as soon as possible / zo vlug mogelijk - as fast as possible

When comparing two things, the comparative form of the adjective is used.  It is formed in Dutch by adding -er to the adjective (or -der if the adjective ends in -r).  This is used for all adjectives; there is no "more + adjective" construction as there is for some adjectives in English.  Comparative adjectives add the -e ending for the inflection according to the requirements above; however, adjectives with three or more syllables do not.  When using comparative adjectives, dan translates as "than."

leuk - nice
leuker - nicer
vriendelijk - friendly
vriendelijker - friendlier

When expressing the highest degree of a quality or characteristic, the superlative form of the adjective is used.  Most adjectives add -st (or just -t if the adjective already ends in -s).  Since the -st ending does not add a syllable to the adjective, the spelling rules do not apply.  All superlatives are inflected like regular adjectives.  However, if the superlative adjective is a predicate adjective (follows "to be" and does not precede a noun), then het precedes it and the -e is optional.  With the superlative, van translates as "in" or "of."  In contrast to English, Dutch does use the superlative to compare two or more things.

leuk - nice
leukst -
nicest
het grootste huis
- the biggest house
de duurste kleren - the most expensive clothes
Hij is de oudste van de twee.  He is the older (literally: oldest) of the two.

For ease of pronunciation, adjectives ending in -st and -sch do not add -st to form the superlative, but use meest (most) before.

meest juist - most just
meest logisch - most logical

Don't forget the spelling changes when dealing with long and short vowels:

groot, groter, grootst - big, bigger, biggest
laat, later, laatst - late, later, latest

Some of the most common adjectives have irregular forms:

adjective good goed bad erg much veel little weinig
comparative better beter worse erger more meer less minder
superlative best best worst ergst most meest least minst

 


 

Dutch Phrases, Vocabulary and Grammar with free audio



Buy ielanguages.com language tutorials

If you enjoy the tutorials, then please consider buying French, Informal French, Italian, Spanish, German, Swedish, or Dutch Language Tutorials as a PDF e-book with free mp3s and free lifetime updates.

Buy French Tutorial

Buy Informal French

Both French e-books

Buy Italian Tutorial

Buy Spanish Tutorial

Buy German Tutorial

Buy Swedish Tutorial

Buy Dutch Tutorial





Please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support ielanguages.com. Thank you!

Donate




Return to top of page






Learn languages with videos and subtitles at FluentU

FluentU offers authentic videos in French, Spanish, German, English, Chinese and Japanese. Learn from captions and translations and enjoy access to ALL languages!

Learn languages with videos and subtitles at Yabla

Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations.



Learn languages by reading Interlinear Books

Learn to read languages with interlinear bilingual books that include the original language and an English translation below in a smaller font.

Udemy Language Learning Courses

Hundreds of free and paid online language learning video courses at Udemy. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu.






© Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Dr. Jennifer Wagner About | Contact | Blog | Blog RSS | Affiliate Program | Disclaimer | Privacy Policy