Comparative Vocabulary and Verb Conjugation Lists:
Romance and Germanic Languages


Lists of vocabulary and verb conjugations side-by-side in Romance and Germanic languages. If you have any corrections or additions (including other Romance or Germanic languages), please e-mail me at ielanguages [at] gmail [dot] com

Currently, the Romance lists include French, Italian, Spanish and (some) Portuguese while the Germanic lists include German, Dutch, (some) Afrikaans, Swedish, and (some) Danish. All of the lists begin with English, and the columns can be dragged left or right to create a different order.

Romance Vocabulary


Romance Verbs


Germanic Vocabulary


Germanic Verbs


A Comparative Grammar of French, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese Languages by Edwin A. Notley, 1868

Available in scanned PDF format and can be downloaded here:

Alternatively, you can also flip through the book online at FlipSnack. (Also works on iPad/iPhone/iPod).

This book is in the public domain in the US since it was published before 1922. Please check your country’s copyright laws before downloading if you are not in the US.

Comparative tutorials for learning two languages at once, or using one language to learn another, are also available:

French & Spanish

French & Italian

French & German

Spanish & Portuguese



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Interlinear Books

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