Comparative Vocabulary and Verb Conjugation Lists:
Romance and Germanic Languages


Lists of vocabulary and verb conjugations side-by-side in Romance and Germanic languages. If you have any corrections or additions (including other Romance or Germanic languages), please e-mail me at ielanguages [at] gmail [dot] com

Currently, the Romance lists include French, Italian, Spanish and (some) Portuguese while the Germanic lists include German, Dutch, (some) Afrikaans, Swedish, and (some) Danish. All of the lists begin with English, and the columns can be dragged left or right to create a different order.

Romance Vocabulary


Romance Verbs


Germanic Vocabulary


Germanic Verbs


A Comparative Grammar of French, Italian, Spanish & Portuguese Languages by Edwin A. Notley, 1868

Available in scanned PDF format and can be downloaded here:

Alternatively, you can also flip through the book online at FlipSnack. (Also works on iPad/iPhone/iPod).

This book is in the public domain in the US since it was published before 1922. Please check your country’s copyright laws before downloading if you are not in the US.

Comparative tutorials for learning two languages at once, or using one language to learn another, are also available:


French & Italian


French & German



Buy French Language Tutorial as an e-book or paperback with free mp3s. Purchase of the paperback includes the e-book at no extra cost.

Buy now

If you enjoy this website, please consider sending a donation of any amount to help support Thank you!

My French books published by Dover:

Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English as a Second Language with authentic videos that include subtitles and translations.

French Today - Master the Modern French Language

French Today offers audiobooks and audio lessons to help you learn to understand and speak modern 21st century French.

Return to top of page